Basic configuration

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This page is dedicated to get a full working Navit installation for a first start and is required!
There are much more options, see configuration.


Get a supported map package
Navit can use different, including free OpenStreetMap data. In order to use one of these maps, download a map of your desired area and store it into a local folder (as. navit/maps or /usr/share/navit/maps).

Install TTS
To get speech support, you need to install a text-to-speech tool, such as espeak, mbrola of festival. These tools can be invoked from the command line. Test your setup by invoking the tools manually e.g.

espeak "This is a text!"

On some systems Navit comes with integrated espeak support, so you don't need to download it separately.

Connect GPS
Now please connect your GPS. The exact procedure for this varies, depending on the type of GPS device you are using and how you connect it to your computer. On Linux / Unix systems, your GPS should typically show up as a character device, i.e., you will find an entry in the /dev folder corresponding to your GPS device. Again, the file name depends on the type and connection method of your GPS receiver. See Connecting a GPS receiver for details.

Most GPS receiver will output the position in NMEA format, which can be used directly in Navit or using a GPS daemon program such as gpsd. A simple way to test whether your GPS receiver works and outputs NMEA data is to dump its output to a console. For example, if your GPS receiver can be found at /dev/rfcomm0, you can dump its output using

cat /dev/rfcomm0

The output should give you steady NMEA position updates. You can feed this information into gpsd / xgps or QLandkarte to see a graphical representation of your position and to check whether the output corresponds to your current position.


Currently Navit doesn't provide an graphical tool to change settings, so you have to do the changes manually using an texteditor.
Please open your current navit.xml file and do the following steps:

Setup proper startup-position
On Navit's very first startup, it needs a center to look at on the map. By default this is set to Munich in Germany (at latitude 48.08 and longditude, which is conveniently covered by the sample map created on installation.

center="4808 N 1134 E"

See furthermore: Configuration

Setup GPS
Add the GPS connection

 <vehicle name="My" enabled="yes" source="file://dev/ttyS0"/ active="1"/>

See furthermore: Configuration

Enable Map
Just change the map entry corresponding to your local folders

 <map type="binfile" enabled="yes" data="/var/navit/maps/uk.bin" />